# Cash Value Added (CVA)

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Cash Value Added (CVA) is a financial metric that measures the amount of cash generated by a company in excess of its cost of capital. It is a measure of the company's ability to generate cash returns on its invested capital.

The CVA is calculated by subtracting the cost of capital from the cash flow generated by the company. The cost of capital is the minimum rate of return that investors expect to earn on their investment in the company. The formula for calculating CVA is as follows:

CVA = Cash Flow - Cost of Capital

Where:

• Cash Flow: This is the cash generated by the company from its operations, including revenue-generating activities and operating expenses.
• Cost of Capital: This is the minimum rate of return that investors expect to earn on their investment in the company.

The CVA provides a useful measure of a company's ability to generate cash returns on its invested capital. A positive CVA indicates that the company is generating cash returns in excess of its cost of capital. In contrast, a negative CVA indicates that the company is generating cash returns below its cost of capital.

The CVA can be used to evaluate a company's financial performance and to compare it with other companies in the same industry. It can also be used to evaluate the performance of individual business units or divisions within a company.

One of the advantages of CVA is that it focuses on cash flow rather than earnings or accounting profits, which can be subject to manipulation or distortion. It also provides a long-term view of a company's financial performance, as it takes into account the entire investment cycle rather than just a single year or quarter.

In conclusion, Cash Value Added (CVA) is a financial metric that measures the amount of cash generated by a company in excess of its cost of capital. It is a useful measure of a company's ability to generate cash returns on its invested capital. It can be used to evaluate a company's financial performance and to compare it with other companies in the same industry. The CVA focuses on cash flow rather than earnings or accounting profits and provides a long-term view of a company's financial performance.