Theory of Mechanistic and Organic Systems
What is Theory of Mechanistic and Organic Systems?
The Theory of Mechanistic and Organic Systems is a framework developed by organizational theorist Richard Scott that explains how organizations can be classified based on their structure and the way they operate. According to Scott, there are two main types of organizational systems: mechanistic and organic.
Mechanistic systems are characterized by a high degree of specialization, standardization, and centralized decision-making. They tend to be highly efficient, but can be inflexible and resistant to change. Mechanistic systems are well-suited for stable environments where there is a clear set of rules and procedures to follow.
Organic systems, on the other hand, are characterized by a high degree of flexibility, adaptability, and decentralization. They tend to be more innovative and responsive to change, but may be less efficient and have a lower level of control. Organic systems are well-suited for dynamic environments where there is a need for constant adaptation and innovation.
The Theory of Mechanistic and Organic Systems provides a useful way of understanding the trade-offs that organizations face when choosing their structure and operating model. It is often used as a tool for assessing the strengths and weaknesses of different organizational designs and determining which one is most appropriate for a given situation.