Business Resumption Planning (BRP)

What is Business Resumption Planning (BRP)?

Business Resumption Planning (BRP) is a strategic process designed to enable businesses to resume critical operations as quickly and efficiently as possible following a disruption. Unlike broader Business Continuity Planning (BCP) that covers an organization's recovery process—including IT recovery, crisis management, and more—BRP focuses specifically on the strategies and procedures necessary to restart key business functions after a halt. It's an essential component of risk management and disaster recovery, ensuring that a company can continue to operate or quickly return to operation after an interruption, whether due to natural disasters, technological failures, cyberattacks, or other unforeseen events.

Key Components of Business Resumption Planning

  • Critical Function Identification: Determining which business functions are critical to the organization's survival and understanding their dependencies.
  • Recovery Time Objectives (RTOs): Setting clear objectives for how quickly critical functions need to be resumed to minimize impact.
  • Resource Requirements: Identifying the resources (human, technological, financial) required to resume critical operations.
  • Communication Plan: Establishing internal and external communication protocols during the recovery process.
  • Recovery Strategies: Developing specific strategies for resuming critical operations, which may include alternative processes, relocation plans, or the use of contingency sites.
  • Employee Training and Awareness: Ensuring staff knows the BRP, understand their roles in resumption efforts and are trained in relevant procedures.

Importance of Business Resumption Planning

  • Minimizes Downtime: BRP helps reduce the time it takes to get critical business functions up and running, minimizing operational downtime.
  • Protects Brand Reputation: Quick and efficient recovery from disruptions can help maintain customer trust and confidence in the brand.
  • Financial Stability: By resuming operations swiftly, businesses can mitigate financial losses associated with prolonged downtime.
  • Regulatory Compliance: For some industries, having a BRP is a regulatory requirement to protect sensitive data and provide critical services.
  • Employee Confidence: A clear and actionable BRP gives employees a sense of security, knowing there are plans to safeguard their jobs and the business.

Steps in Developing a Business Resumption Plan

  • Conduct a Business Impact Analysis (BIA): Identify critical business functions and the impact of their disruption.
  • Develop Recovery Strategies: Based on the BIA, devise strategies to resume critical operations within the determined RTO.
  • Plan Development: Document the resumption plan, detailing procedures, resources, and personnel involved in the recovery of operations.
  • Training and Testing: Train employees on their roles within the plan and conduct regular tests to ensure the plan's effectiveness and to familiarize staff with recovery processes.
  • Maintenance and Review: Regularly review and update the BRP to reflect changes in the business environment, operational processes, or emerging risks.

Challenges in Business Resumption Planning

  • Complexity of Modern Businesses: The interconnectedness of modern business operations can make identifying critical functions and dependencies challenging.
  • Resource Allocation: Determining the optimal allocation of limited resources for maximum efficiency in resuming operations can be difficult.
  • Keeping Plans Up-to-Date: Rapid changes in technology, business processes, and external environments require ongoing updates to the BRP.
  • Ensuring Employee Readiness: Continuously training and engaging employees to ensure they are prepared to execute the BRP can be resource-intensive.


Business Resumption Planning is a crucial aspect of an organization's overall resilience strategy, focusing on the rapid recovery of critical business functions following a disruption. A well-crafted BRP not only minimizes operational downtime and financial losses but also plays a vital role in maintaining customer trust and regulatory compliance. Through careful planning, regular testing, and continuous improvement, organizations can enhance their ability to navigate and recover from disruptions, ensuring long-term stability and success.

See Also

Business Resumption Planning (BRP) is a component of business continuity planning focused specifically on the strategies and procedures required to resume business operations after a disruption. While business continuity planning covers the entirety of maintaining operational functions during a crisis, BRP zeroes in on the recovery aspect—how to quickly restore critical services to a minimum operational level following an interruption, and then eventually to full functionality. BRP typically involves identifying essential business functions, determining the resources required to resume those operations (such as personnel, technology, and information), and establishing clear guidelines and timelines for recovery.

  • Business Continuity Planning (BCP): Discussing the broader strategy that includes business resumption planning, crisis management, and disaster recovery to ensure that an organization can continue operating during and after a disaster.
  • Disaster recovery (DR): Covering the specific strategies and procedures for recovering technology systems, data, and infrastructure critical to an organization after a disaster or disruption.
  • Risk Management: Explaining the process of identifying, assessing, and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings, which includes planning for potential business disruptions.
  • Crisis Management: Discussing the methods used to deal with sudden and significant negative events. Crisis management involves steps taken before, during, and after an event that threatens the integrity or reputation of the company.
  • Impact Analysis: Covering the process of assessing the effects of potential business disruptions on company operations, which is a critical component of BRP to determine which business functions are essential.
  • Emergency Preparedness: Discussing the readiness of organizations to respond to an emergency in a timely and efficient manner, which includes having a BRP in place.
  • Operational Risk: Explaining the risk of loss resulting from inadequate or failed internal processes, people, systems, or external events, highlighting the importance of BRP in mitigating these risks.
  • Supply Chain Resilience: Covering the ability of a supply chain to anticipate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from disruptions, which is closely related to business resumption planning.
  • Information Technology (IT) Resilience: Discussing the ability of IT systems and operations to maintain acceptable service levels despite challenges or disruptions, a key focus area in many BRPs.
  • Workplace Recovery: Explaining strategies for restoring the physical workspace and operational capabilities, including alternate working locations and remote work options.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Covering the need for organizations to act in accordance with relevant laws, regulations, and guidelines, including those that may require specific business resumption capabilities.
  • Communication Plan: Discussing the plan that outlines how information will be communicated to internal and external stakeholders during and after a disruption, an essential element of BRP.


Further Reading