Diminishing Returns (DR)
What is the Law of Diminishing Returns (DR)?
Diminishing returns, also known as the law of diminishing returns or the principle of diminishing marginal returns, is the phenomenon whereby the marginal output of a production process begins to decline as the level of input increases, after a certain point.
In other words, diminishing returns refers to the idea that there is a point at which adding more of a particular input (such as labor or capital) to a production process will result in a smaller and smaller increase in output. This occurs because the additional input may not be used as efficiently as the initial inputs, or because the capacity of the system to produce output may be reached.
Diminishing returns is an important concept in economics, as it helps to explain why the relationship between input and output is not always a straight line. It is also a key consideration in production and resource allocation decisions, as it can help managers to understand when it may not be cost-effective to increase production or when it may be more efficient to shift resources to a different activity.
Overall, diminishing returns is a phenomenon that occurs in many production processes, and is an important consideration in resource allocation and production decisions.