Analysis Process Model (APM)

What is Analysis Process Model (APM)

The Analysis Process Model (APM) is a detailed expression/capturing of the end-to-end processing requirements that support the banking and financial market business. These models can support analysis of the current “as is” and future “to be” processes by defining the logical activities, triggers, and dependencies that comprise processes and by specifying the business rules required to perform each activity. This information ensures an understanding of the complete business context (what, when, why and by whom) in which work is performed. The Analysis Process Model (APM) is part of the Banking Process and Services offering. It presents the Analysis-level Business Process Models and documents how they assist in process reengineering or improvement initiatives, for example, a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) engagement in the banking sector.[1]

The Analysis Process Model (APM) is an important framework that assists businesses with understanding their analysis and decision-making processes. APM provides guidance on how to use assets to support process analysis and can help identify and specify reusable service candidates. Additionally, it helps fast-track the functional scoping and requirements-gathering process. Business strategists, business analysts, business object modelers, subject matter experts, architects, application designers, and project managers can all benefit from using the Analysis Process Model as it helps them make informed decisions based on accurate data.

APM Model Elements[2]

The analysis Process Model provides initial business specifications of the processes that underpin the initial determination of the optimum process to follow from a business perspective.

  • APM Processes: Analysis Process Model provides initial business specifications of the processes that underpin the initial determination of the optimum process to follow from a business perspective.
  • APM Global Tasks: Analysis Process Model provides an initial business specification of the processes that underpin the initial determination of the optimum process to follow from a business perspective
  • APM Data Objects and Item Definitions: The business processes provide a description of the activities that make up a process flow, but, in addition, they also provide the information that flows through that process.

Analysis Process Modeling Tools

  1. Organizational Charts: An organizational chart is a visual representation of a company's hierarchy, which is used to help analysts understand how different parts of the company work together. With Lucidchart's business analysis templates, it is easy to create and modify an organizational chart to reflect shifts in the organization, allowing analysts to gain insight into stakeholder relationships and groupings. This type of model can be used for stakeholder analysis and modeling new groupings or teams following organizational changes.
  2. Process Flow Diagram: A Process Flow Diagram is a tool used to document and analyze the steps in a process. It contains basic process modeling symbols such as flows, decision points, and resources that are used to illustrate how different parts of the business interact. The diagram also provides an understanding of the entire process from start to finish by showing all the steps in detail. Through this detailed view, it is easier for one to understand how different pieces work together and make improvements where necessary.
  3. Activity Diagrams: An Activity Diagram is a type of UML behavioral diagram which helps to clearly communicate processes and procedures that are involved in a given project. The Business Analyst might make use of a UML diagram tool such as Lucidchart to create an activity diagram that can depict the process of logging in to a website or carrying out transactions such as depositing or withdrawing money. Activity diagrams are useful for depicting data along with processes and procedures, making them particularly applicable when modeling data, objects, and concurrency alongside existing processes. This makes Activity Diagrams very useful for the Analysis Process Model since it provides relevant information for stakeholders from both business and development teams.
  4. User Interface Wireframe: A user interface wireframe is an essential component of the analysis process model. By providing a visual representation of how users will interact with the website or app, it helps designers and developers better understand the flow of information, making it easier to create a product that meets user needs. Additionally, low-fidelity wireframes can be used early in development to test out basic layouts, while high-fidelity ones can be used to get a more detailed view before implementation.
  5. Feature Mind Maps: A Feature Mind Map is a visual tool that assists in the brainstorming and organizing of information during the analytical process. It focuses on breaking down a particular system, process, or problem into individual features that can then be further explored and analyzed. Feature Mind Maps are particularly useful for modeling complex systems and processes as they allow users to include elements of all kinds, unrestricted by any boundaries. This helps to improve understanding of how everything fits together within the overall model being studied, allowing for more comprehensive analysis. Additionally, Feature Mind Maps can be used in conjunction with other techniques such as Fishbone diagrams or Spaghetti maps to further identify potential causes or analyze movement through a process respectively.
  6. Product Roadmaps: A product roadmap is a plan that outlines the evolution of a product from concept to release. It includes features, maintenance and bug fixes, and feature releases. This kind of information is invaluable for sales teams as it allows them to keep track of the development process. Product roadmaps are also important in an analysis process model because they can help identify key features and milestones, as well as potential problems early on in the development cycle. By linking data to product roadmaps and using conditional formatting, users can create more detailed tracking methods that help them better understand their progress.
  7. SWOT Analysis: SWOT Analysis is a powerful tool used to evaluate the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of a company or organization. The Analysis Process Model prescribes a step-by-step process for conducting a SWOT analysis so that stakeholders can identify where the company or organization has strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities. This helps them make strategic decisions about how to move forward with their project in order to create successful solutions that align with their goals.

How does an Analysis Process Model help in project planning and development?

An Analysis Process Model can help in project planning and development by providing a framework for communication, alignment of business models and strategies, and understanding the trajectory of the project. It can also identify bottlenecks in communication flow and provide an effective way to depict demands at all levels of a process. A process model helps everyone involved understand one another’s perspectives on the progress being made as well as puts everything into perspective in order to eliminate faults. Additionally, it allows businesses to experiment with new ways of doing things while helping them figure out their long-term goals. Ultimately, an Analysis Process Model helps businesses improve their communication, efficiency, resource management, and overall growth potential regardless of market conditions.

How to use an Analysis Process Model effectively?

Step 1: Investigate the situation: It is important to investigate the situation before using an Analysis Process Model in order to gain a better understanding of the stakeholders involved and their needs. Gathering information about the situation through qualitative and quantitative techniques can help uncover new information that may otherwise be overlooked. This can then be used to create a business activity model that outlines how stakeholders use and benefit from a product or service, as well as conduct CATWOE analysis which helps identify the current status of any given system or process. By taking this approach, it is easier to plan and develop a successful solution that meets everyone's needs.
Step 2: Consider perspectives: The importance of considering perspectives when using an Analysis Process Model is critical to the success of any process change. This model helps identify the various stakeholders and their values, as well as to develop a business activity model that includes all necessary resources and meets business goals. A comprehensive understanding of all perspectives is essential for successful negotiation, decision-making, and creating an inclusive business activity model. Taking into account these stakeholders' views ensures that the proposed solution is the best option for the organization.
Step 3: Analyze needs: It is important to analyze needs when using an Analysis Process Model because it helps in understanding how users interact with the system and what their needs are. Gathering as much information as possible about the situation helps to determine a solution that satisfies all stakeholders, not just those who are interviewed. Identifying stakeholders before beginning the Analysis Process Model is also essential in order to ensure that all relevant parties are included in the process. By using qualitative and quantitative techniques, you can better understand user behavior and desired outcomes in order to create an effective solution for them.
Step 4: Define requirements: It is important to define requirements in an Analysis Process Model because it helps ensure that the requested functionality is delivered correctly and on time, that projects meet the needs of the end user, and are aligned with company goals and objectives. The use of different techniques and tools such as flowcharts, BPMN diagrams, dataflow diagrams, process models, and Gantt charts can help in the documentation of requirements to further clarify and organize them. O'Reilly's live online training also offers a great resource for understanding more about analysis process modeling.
Step 5: Evaluate options: It is important to evaluate different options when using an Analysis Process Model in order to ensure that the proposed solution is feasible risk-wise, cost-wise and investment-wise. Evaluating different options enables business analysts to use techniques such as CATWOE analysis, Cost-Benefit Analysis, impact analysis, and risk analysis to validate the proposed solution. Investment appraisal helps assess the attractiveness of a proposed solution from a financial perspective while business option identification helps designers and decision-makers decide which option to pursue based on their current situation and interests. The no-investment approach or minimum investment approach carries both benefits as well as costs which need to be weighed against each other for finding the best possible solution for one's business.
Step 6: Create a process improvement plan: It is important to create a process improvement plan in order to identify and close the gaps between an organization’s current processes and what it considers ideal, as well as to improve efficiency and effectiveness. Identifying stakeholders, conducting a CATWOE analysis, and creating a business activity model are also essential steps of the process improvement plan. Involving all stakeholders in the development of this plan allows for consensus building and creates a successful outcome.
Step 7: Develop governance, risk and compliance automation templates" It is important to develop governance, risk, and compliance automation templates in order to ensure that all regulatory requirements are accurately captured and that the solution meets them. This helps improve the efficiency of business processes and reduce risks associated with non-compliance. Through these templates, stakeholders can have a clear understanding of their requirements and a visual representation of activities involved in an effective implementation plan. Additionally, various techniques like UML, BPMN, flowcharts, and Gantt charts can be used to document these requirements in order for them to be followed more effectively.

Benefits of using an Analysis Process Model

  1. Improved understanding of processes: It is important to have an understanding of processes in order to improve business efficiency, identify faults, and provide suggestions for a redesign. Understanding processes also allows one to model business processes at different levels of detail and present results in a compelling way. Additionally, having an understanding of critical success factors (CSFs) is essential for developing effective process designs. Lastly, without the necessary knowledge of how processes work, it would be difficult to successfully implement new process designs into an organization.
  2. Increased process efficiency: An Analysis Process Model can be used to increase process efficiency, which can in turn benefit the organization. By identifying and eliminating faults, redesigning process models, uncovering long-term goals, and simulating changes to the model, it is possible to reduce wait times and achieve low resource utilization. This will result in greater overall efficiency for the organization.
  3. Improved communication between stakeholders: Improved communication between stakeholders is seen as a benefit of using an Analysis Process Model because it helps to identify the key reasons behind events and phenomena, leading to better decision-making. The Analysis Process Model facilitates a better understanding of the situation and needs of all stakeholders, allowing for improved dialogue with more effective results. The 5 Whys technique is also used to improve communication between stakeholders, as it encourages deeper questioning that leads to greater insight.
  4. Reduced risk of errors: Using an Analysis Process Model helps reduce the risk of errors by providing a structured approach to identifying and correcting them as they occur. It enables organizations to identify potential issues early in the development process, allowing them to take corrective action before errors cause damage. This can help organizations save time and money by reducing the need for costly rework.
  5. Enhanced compliance: Compliance is crucial when using an Analysis Process Model, as it ensures that the data collected meets any applicable regulatory requirements. Failure to comply with the regulations can result in costly fines or other penalties. Therefore, it is essential that the analysis process is designed with compliance in mind, in order to avoid any potential risks.
  6. Improved customer service: An Analysis Process Model can help improve customer service by providing a framework for better understanding and addressing customer needs. It also helps organizations to track progress, measure results, and gain insight into how best to serve their customers. With this model in place, organizations are more equipped to identify areas of improvement and develop strategies that meet the ever-evolving demands of their customers.
  7. Improved data accuracy: Improved data accuracy is a major benefit of using an Analysis Process Model. Because the model allows for consistent analysis across different departments and users, it ensures that data is clean and accurate. This prevents inaccurate or misleading results in analysis, which can lead to poor decision-making. Data visualization techniques can also be employed to help communicate results effectively and efficiently.
  8. Improved data security: Improved data security benefits those who use an Analysis Process Model by making it easier for them to comply with regulations and protect customer data. Data cleaning is a key part of this process, as it helps to ensure that any errors in the data are corrected before the analysis begins. Leaders in cybersecurity have an important role in ensuring that data is clean and secure before analysis takes place.
  9. Increased visibility and control: Increased visibility and control are important when using an Analysis Process Model because it allows for clear communication between all levels of a business, helping to ensure that processes are executed smoothly. A well-designed process model helps integrate different departments and stakeholders more effectively and can help businesses identify where they should be communicating better or optimizing their resources. Furthermore, a process model can help businesses identify where faults may exist, allowing them to address them before they become an issue or to improve efficiency. By understanding the big picture through process modeling, businesses can also align their business models with strategic goals to ensure that all plans remain compatible with each other.
  10. Quicker adaptation to changes: The use of an Analysis Process Model offers a number of benefits, including an improved understanding of the existing process, rapid analysis and identification of potential improvements, and the development of effective process designs. Additionally, utilizing an APM can result in increased efficiency, improved quality, and reduced waste.
  11. Improved decision-making: An Analysis Process Model can help with improved decision-making by providing a framework in which to evaluate opportunities for improvement. This process model enables organizations to assess the current state of their business and develop both short-term and long-term strategies that could lead to better performance. Additionally, this model provides an organized way for stakeholders to identify potential solutions, create plans of action, and track progress. By using an analysis process model, organizations can make more informed decisions that are based on data rather than guesswork or intuition.
  12. Improved process visibility: Improved process visibility is an important benefit of using an Analysis Process Model, as it allows organizations to better understand their business procedures and make them more efficient. With improved process visibility, organizations are able to identify pain points and optimize processes, as well as resolve cases faster and with greater accuracy. This ultimately leads to improved customer satisfaction.
  13. Enhanced process collaboration: Enhanced process collaboration is a benefit of using an Analysis Process Model because it provides a way for teams to easily track and trace the steps in an analysis. Tracing these steps ensures that all data and information is properly captured, analyzed, and documented, which helps organizations adhere to best practices and optimize processes more efficiently. Additionally, using this type of model can help employees understand complex processes quickly and efficiently.
  14. Improved team productivity: Using an Analysis Process Model can improve team productivity by providing a clear understanding of the process and its requirements. It helps to reduce wait times and makes more efficient use of resources, as well as allowing for continuous improvement efforts by incorporating feedback into the model. It also improves communication within the organization, helping to ensure that everyone is working towards a common goal and that tasks are being completed in an organized manner. This ultimately increases organizational competence, resulting in increased productivity at all levels of the business process.
  15. Streamlined process optimization: The significance of streamlining process optimization is that it enables companies to understand and optimize their internal business processes, so they can be managed more efficiently. Streamlining process optimization can help to improve efficiency and quality while also reducing time and cost. It also helps to ensure best practices across the organization by enabling employees to have a shared understanding of how tasks should be completed. Additionally, streamlining process optimization is essential for organizations of all sizes in order to keep up-to-date with changing laws on grain standards, which can help them achieve their goals more efficiently.
  16. Improved risk management: Improved risk management is an important benefit of using an Analysis Process Model because it allows organizations to make informed decisions about whether or not to invest in a proposed solution. The Analysis Process Model helps to create a business context and model the risks associated with a project, allowing for the identification of potential issues and their impact, as well as the design of solutions to mitigate these risks. This improved risk management fosters faster and more accurate decision-making which can help organizations save money by avoiding costly investments.

See Also

Process Model
Business Process Model
Navy Process Reference Model
Process Capability Assessment Model (PCAT) CATWOE
SWOT Analysis