# Capital Output Ratio

## What is Capital Output Ratio

The capital-output ratio is a financial ratio that measures the efficiency with which a company is using its capital to generate output. It is calculated by dividing a company's capital (such as debt and equity) by its output (such as sales or production). The higher the capital-output ratio, the more efficiently a company is using its capital to generate output.

The purpose of the capital-output ratio is to provide an indication of how effectively a company is using its capital to generate revenue and profits. A low capital-output ratio may indicate that a company is using its capital efficiently and generating a high return on investment. On the other hand, a high capital-output ratio may indicate that a company is using a larger amount of capital in relation to its output, which could lead to a lower return on investment.

There are two main components of the capital-output ratio: capital and output. Capital includes the funds that a company has raised through debt and equity financing. Output can be measured in a variety of ways, such as sales or production, and is used to represent the economic activity of a company.

An example of the capital-output ratio would be a company with a capital of \$100,000 and an output of \$200,000. The capital-output ratio for this company would be 0.5, calculated as follows:

Capital Output Ratio = Capital / Output = \$100,000 / \$200,000 = 0.5

This indicates that the company is generating \$2 of output for every \$1 of capital it has.

It is important to note that the capital-output ratio should be considered in conjunction with other financial ratios and metrics in order to get a complete picture of a company's financial performance. A low capital-output ratio may indicate that a company is using its capital efficiently, but it may also be a result of the company having a low level of economic activity. Similarly, a high capital-output ratio may indicate that a company is using a larger amount of capital in relation to its output, but it may also be a result of the company operating in a capital-intensive industry.