"Cash" is a term used to refer to physical money in the form of coins and banknotes. It is used by individuals and businesses to make transactions for goods and services. Cash is considered a liquid asset because it can be easily exchanged. It does not require a third-party institution, such as a bank, for the transaction to occur, making it a direct form of payment.

Purpose and Role

The primary purpose of cash is to serve as a medium of exchange for purchasing goods and services. Cash allows for a standardized measure of value, which simplifies trade. It also plays a critical role in the economy as it facilitates the transfer of goods and services.


Cash is important because it's universally accepted and provides a straightforward method for individuals and businesses to transact. While electronic payment methods are on the rise, cash continues to be important in situations where electronic methods are not available or practical. For instance, in areas with limited internet connectivity or for small businesses that can't afford credit card processing fees, cash remains essential.


The use of cash can be traced back to ancient civilizations. It started in the form of bartering goods and services and later evolved to the use of objects such as shells or beads as currency. The first known official coins were created in ancient Lydia (modern-day Turkey) around 600 B.C. The concept of paper money originated in China during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D).

Benefits and Cons


  1. Cash transactions are usually fast and convenient.
  2. It doesn't require a third-party institution for the transaction to occur.
  3. It doesn't require technological infrastructure like electronic payment methods do.


  1. Carrying large amounts of cash can be risky due to theft or loss.
  2. Cash can be hard to manage in large quantities.
  3. It's not suitable for remote or online transactions.


A simple example of using cash is buying a cup of coffee from a local cafe. The customer gives a certain amount of cash to the barista, and the barista gives the coffee and change (if any) to the customer.

See Also

  1. Coins and banknotes: The physical forms of cash.
  2. Liquid asset: An asset that can be easily converted into cash.
  3. Medium of exchange: Anything widely accepted as a form of payment.
  4. Bartering: An ancient form of exchanging goods and services without cash.
  5. Currency: The system of money used in a country.
  6. Cash Asset Ratio
  7. Cash Burn Rate
  8. Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC)
  9. Cash Dividend
  10. Cash Flow
  11. Cash Flow Management
  12. Cash Flow Return on Investment (CFROI)
  13. Cash Flow from Operations
  14. Cash Ratio
  15. Cash Value Added (CVA)