Computer networking is an engineering discipline that aims to study and analyze the communication process among various computing devices or computer systems that are linked, or networked, together to exchange information and share resources. Computer networking depends on the theoretical application and practical implementation of fields like computer engineering, computer sciences, information technology, and telecommunication.
Basics of Computer Networking
- Open system: A system that is connected to the network and is ready for communication.
- Closed system: A system that is not connected to the network and can’t be communicated with.
- Computer Network: It is the interconnection of multiple devices, generally termed as Hosts connected using multiple paths for the purpose of sending/receiving data or media.
There are also multiple devices or mediums which help in the communication between two different devices, which are known as Network devices. Ex: Router, Switch, Hub, Bridge.
The layout pattern using which devices are interconnected is called network topology. Such as Bus, Star, Mesh, Ring, Daisy chain.
- OSI: OSI stands for Open Systems Interconnection. It is a reference model that specifies standards for communications protocols and also the functionalities of each layer.
- Protocol: A protocol is the set of rules or algorithms which define the way how two entities can communicate across the network, and there exists a different protocol defined at each layer of the OSI model. A few such protocols are TCP, IP, UDP, ARP, DHCP, FTP, and so on.