# Contribution Pricing

Contribution Pricing is a pricing strategy used by businesses to determine the minimum price they should charge for a product or service in order to cover their variable costs and make a contribution towards their fixed costs. In contribution pricing, the business calculates the contribution margin, which is the difference between the price of the product or service and its variable costs.

Variable costs are costs that vary with the production or sale of a product or service, such as materials, labor, and direct overhead costs. Fixed costs are costs that do not vary with the level of production or sales, such as rent, salaries, and insurance.

By using contribution pricing, businesses can ensure that they are covering their variable costs and making a contribution towards their fixed costs, even if they are not generating a profit. This can be particularly useful in situations where a business is operating in a highly competitive market or is facing pricing pressure from customers or suppliers.

To use contribution pricing, a business must first calculate its variable costs per unit of production or sale. This includes all direct costs associated with producing or selling the product or service. The business then determines the price it can charge for the product or service, taking into account market demand and competition.

Once the price is determined, the business calculates the contribution margin by subtracting the variable costs from the price. The contribution margin represents the amount of revenue that will contribute towards covering the fixed costs of the business.

If the contribution margin is positive, the business is generating a profit. If the contribution margin is negative, the business is not generating a profit but is still covering its variable costs and making a contribution towards its fixed costs.

To illustrate some key concepts of contribution pricing, consider the following example:

Example: A company produces and sells a product that has variable costs of \$50 per unit. The company has fixed costs of \$10,000 per month. The company determines that it can sell the product for \$75 per unit.

To calculate the contribution margin, the company subtracts the variable costs from the price:

\$75 - \$50 = \$25 contribution margin per unit

The contribution margin represents the amount of revenue that will contribute towards covering the fixed costs of the business. To cover the fixed costs of \$10,000 per month, the company must sell at least:

\$10,000 รท \$25 = 400 units per month

If the company sells less than 400 units per month, it will not cover its fixed costs. If the company sells more than 400 units per month, it will cover its fixed costs and generate a profit.

In conclusion, contribution pricing is a pricing strategy used by businesses to determine the minimum price they should charge for a product or service in order to cover their variable costs and make a contribution towards their fixed costs. By using contribution pricing, businesses can ensure that they are covering their costs and making a contribution towards their fixed costs, even if they are not generating a profit.