# Dividend Payout Ratio

## What is Dividend Payout Ratio

The dividend payout ratio is a financial ratio that measures the percentage of a company's earnings that is paid out to shareholders as dividends. It is calculated by dividing a company's dividends per share by its earnings per share. The higher the dividend payout ratio, the more of a company's earnings are being paid out to shareholders.

The purpose of the dividend payout ratio is to provide an indication of a company's dividend policy and the sustainability of its dividends. A high dividend payout ratio may indicate that a company is distributing a large portion of its earnings as dividends, which may not be sustainable if the company's earnings decline in the future. On the other hand, a low dividend payout ratio may indicate that a company is retaining a larger portion of its earnings for use in the company, which could lead to future growth.

There are two main components of the dividend payout ratio: dividends per share and earnings per share. Dividends per share is the amount of dividends that is paid to each outstanding share of common stock. Earnings per share is the amount of a company's net income that is allocated to each outstanding share of common stock.

An example of the dividend payout ratio would be a company with dividends per share of \$2 and earnings per share of \$4. The dividend payout ratio for this company would be 0.5, calculated as follows:

Dividend Payout Ratio = Dividends per Share / Earnings per Share = \$2 / \$4 = 0.5

This indicates that 50% of the company's earnings are being paid out as dividends.

It is important to note that the dividend payout ratio should be considered in conjunction with other financial ratios and metrics in order to get a complete picture of a company's financial performance. A high dividend payout ratio may indicate that a company is distributing a large portion of its earnings as dividends, but it may also be a result of the company having a stable and consistent stream of earnings. Similarly, a low dividend payout ratio may indicate that a company is retaining a larger portion of its earnings for use in the company, but it may also be a result of the company experiencing unstable or declining earnings.