Integrated DEFinition Methods (IDEF)
Integrated DEFinition Methods (IDEF) is a family of modeling methods used in systems engineering, software engineering, and enterprise architecture. These methods were developed by the United States Air Force and other United States Department of Defense agencies in the 1970s and 1980s to facilitate the design, development, and improvement of complex systems and processes.
The IDEF family of methods comprises several related but distinct modeling techniques, each targeting specific aspects of systems and processes. Some of the most notable IDEF methods include:
- IDEF0: A functional modeling method used to represent an organization's processes, functions, and their interrelationships. It provides a structured, graphical representation that helps organizations understand, analyze, and improve their operations.
- IDEF1: A data modeling method used to describe the structure and semantics of information within an organization or system. It is particularly useful for designing databases and other information systems.
- IDEF1X: An extension of IDEF1, IDEF1X is a data modeling method that incorporates additional concepts and notations from the Entity-Relationship (ER) model. It is widely used for relational database design.
- IDEF2: A simulation model design method used to create dynamic models of an organization's processes and functions. It helps organizations study the behavior of their systems under various conditions and identify potential areas for improvement.
- IDEF3: A process description capture method that focuses on documenting the flow of activities within an organization or system. It is designed to capture the knowledge of domain experts and represent it in a structured, graphical format.
- IDEF4: An object-oriented design method used to model the structure and behavior of software systems. It provides a systematic approach for designing software components and their interactions.
- IDEF5: An ontology description capture method that enables the representation of knowledge about a particular domain or subject area in a structured, formal manner. It is useful for knowledge management and semantic integration of information systems.
- IDEF6: A design rationale capture method used to record the reasoning behind design decisions, assumptions, and constraints. It helps organizations understand and document the rationale for their system designs and process improvements.
Each IDEF method serves a specific purpose and has its own notation, modeling techniques, and tools. The IDEF family of methods provides a comprehensive set of tools for modeling, analyzing, and improving various aspects of systems and processes, from functional decomposition to data modeling, process description, and software design. These methods have been widely adopted in both government and commercial settings, and they continue to be used and refined to support the design, development, and improvement of complex systems and processes.