Laissez-faire leadership gives authority to employees. According to azcentral, departments or subordinates are allowed to work as they choose with minimal or no interference. According to research, this kind of leadership has been consistently found to be the least satisfying and least effective management style. 
Laissez-faire leadership, also known as delegative leadership, is a type of leadership style in which leaders are hands-off and allow group members to make the decisions. The term "laissez-faire" is French for "let do," which implies that leaders provide little or no direction to their team and leave decision-making up to group members.
This style is primarily used when team members are highly skilled, motivated, and capable of working on their own. It can foster creativity and innovation by giving employees freedom and autonomy in their roles.
In this style, the leader's role is to provide the necessary resources, tools, and support for the team to do their work, but they typically do not provide much direction or feedback.
When applied appropriately, laissez-faire leadership can lead to high job satisfaction, increased productivity, and creative problem-solving. It can also empower team members and help them grow and develop their skills.
The term "laissez-faire" was first used in the context of economics to describe a system where transactions between private parties are free from government intervention. It was later applied to leadership theory to describe a hands-off approach to leadership.
Benefits of laissez-faire leadership can include high levels of innovation, creativity, and job satisfaction.
- This style can empower employees, foster creativity and innovation, and lead to high job satisfaction. It works best when employees are self-starters and highly skilled.
- This style can lead to poor productivity if the team lacks self-direction or motivation. It can also lead to a lack of feedback and direction, which can create confusion and misunderstanding.
This style is often used in creative fields such as design and research, or in high-tech industries where employees are highly skilled and self-motivated. For instance, a director at an advertising agency might take a laissez-faire approach with a team of experienced creative designers, trusting them to produce high-quality work without much oversight.
- [^http://wisetoast.com/12-different-types-of-leadership-styles/ Autocratic Leadership Defined -WiseToast]