Performance Reference Model (PRM)

The PRM is a framework for performance measurement that provides common outcome and output measures throughout the Federal government. It allows agencies to better manage the business of Government at a strategic level while providing a means for gauging progress towards the target FEA. The PRM accomplishes these goals by establishing a common set of general performance outputs and measures that agencies use to achieve much broader program and business goals and objectives. The model articulates the linkage between internal business components and the achievement of business and customer-centric outcomes. Most importantly, it facilitates resource allocation decisions based on comparative determinations of which programs/organizations are more efficient and effective.[1]

There are three areas to the Performance Reference Model. The first is the Goal. This enables grouping of investments and activities through a common and authoritative framework established by agencies in compliance with OMB direction and the GPRA Modernization Act. It allows the identification of common performance elements across investments or activities, and in the future will enable cross-platform information linkages between systems such as and the IT Dashboard. This linkage provides the logical relationships necessary to consistently provide much richer insights into details of the supported performance areas than previously feasible. The second area of the Performance Reference Model is Measurement Area. This describes the manner in which the investment or activity supports the achievement of the supported performance element identified by the Agency Goal. Measurement Areas apply to the more detailed performance indicators associated with the investment of activity rather than the functions of the investment or activity. Investment or activity performance indicators should have a clear linkage to the activities, of course, but it is important to recognize that investments or activities may align to multiple measurement areas. The third area, Measurement Category, refines Measurement Area. Any Measurement Category may be applied to any Goal.[2]

Performance Reference Model
source: EA Pad


  1. What is Performance Reference Model? feapmo
  2. Structure of the Performance Reference Model EAPad

Further Reading

  • Understanding the Performance Reference Model (PRM) IBM
  • Australian Government Architecture - Performance Reference Model au gov
  • Using the Performance Reference Model (PRM) IBM]