What is Programming Paradigm?
A programming paradigm is a style or approach to programming that is based on a particular set of principles or concepts. There are several different programming paradigms, each with its own unique characteristics and approach to problem-solving.
Some common programming paradigms include:
Imperative programming: This paradigm is based on the idea of giving the computer a series of explicit instructions to execute, using statements that change a program's state. Imperative programming languages include C, C++, and Java.
Object-oriented programming (OOP): This paradigm is based on the idea of organizing code into "objects" that represent real-world concepts and can interact with one another. OOP languages include Java, C++, and Python.
Functional programming: This paradigm is based on the idea of treating computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions. Functional programming languages include Haskell, Lisp, and ML.
Logic programming: This paradigm is based on the idea of expressing the relationships between different concepts as logical statements, and using those statements to solve problems. Logic programming languages include Prolog and Mercury.
Declarative programming: This paradigm is based on specifying what a program should do, rather than how it should do it. Declarative programming languages include SQL and HTML.
Each programming paradigm has its own strengths and weaknesses, and different paradigms are better suited to different types of problems. Many programming languages support multiple paradigms, allowing developers to choose the approach that is most appropriate for their needs.