What is the Vroom-Yetton Model of Decision-Making?
The Vroom-Yetton model, also known as the Vroom-Yetton-Jago decision-making model, is a tool utilized by leaders to make better decisions. The model was developed by Victor Vroom and Philip Yetton in the 1970s and later expanded upon by Arvind Jago in 1988.
The Vroom-Yetton Model of Decision-Making is a tool used to help managers determine the most appropriate decision-making style to use in a given situation. It involves a decision cycle that requires the leader to consider available information, identify risks and benefits, choose an action based on the assessment, and monitor and evaluate their results. This model provides leaders with options to help them determine the best approach in various situations. A comprehensive guide to this model includes examples, decision trees, and normative leadership approaches.
The model is based on the idea that the most effective decision-making style depends on the situation and the level of involvement and commitment desired by team members. The model suggests that there are five decision-making styles, ranging from autocratic to consultative to participative and that the appropriate style can be determined by considering several situational factors.
The Vroom-Yetton model identifies five decision-making styles that managers can use in different situations:
- Autocratic style: The manager makes the decision on their own and does not involve the team in the decision-making process. This style is most appropriate when the manager has all the necessary information, the decision is urgent and needs to be made quickly, and the team does not have the necessary expertise or skills to contribute to the decision.
- Consultative style: The manager involves the team in the decision-making process, but ultimately makes the decision on their own. This style is most appropriate when the manager has most of the necessary information but needs input from the team to make a fully informed decision.
- Consensual style: The manager involves the team in the decision-making process and seeks their agreement before making a decision. This style is most appropriate when the decision will affect the team significantly and the team has the necessary expertise and skills to contribute to the decision.
- Group style: The manager involves the entire team in the decision-making process and makes the decision as a group. This style is most appropriate when the decision will affect the team significantly and the team is able to work well together to reach a consensus.
- Delegative style: The manager delegates the decision-making process to the team and allows them to make the decision on their own. This style is most appropriate when the team has the necessary expertise, skills, and resources to make the decision, and when the manager trusts the team to make a good decision.
The Vroom-Yetton model can be used by managers to identify the most effective decision-making style to use in a given situation, taking into account the level of uncertainty and the level of buy-in or commitment desired from team members. It can also be used to help managers understand the trade-offs associated with different decision-making styles and to develop strategies for effectively leading and managing teams in a range of situations.