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Difference between revisions of "Computer Networking"

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Computer networking is an engineering discipline that aims to study and analyze the communication process among various computing devices or computer systems that are linked, or networked, together to exchange information and share resources. Computer networking depends on the theoretical application and practical implementation of fields like computer engineering, computer sciences, information technology and telecommunication.<ref>Definition - What does Computer Networking Mean? [https://www.techopedia.com/definition/25598/computer-networking Techopedia]</ref>
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[[Computer]] networking is an engineering discipline that aims to study and analyze the communication [[process]] among various computing devices or computer systems that are linked, or networked, together to exchange information and share resources. Computer networking depends on the theoretical [[application]] and practical implementation of fields like computer engineering, computer sciences, information technology and telecommunication.<ref>Definition - What does Computer Networking Mean? [https://www.techopedia.com/definition/25598/computer-networking Techopedia]</ref>
  
  
 
== Basics of Computer Networking<ref>Basics of Computer Networking [https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/basics-computer-networking/ Geeks For Geeks]</ref> ==
 
== Basics of Computer Networking<ref>Basics of Computer Networking [https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/basics-computer-networking/ Geeks For Geeks]</ref> ==
*Open system: A system which is connected to the network and is ready for communication.
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*Open [[system]]: A system which is connected to the [[network]] and is ready for communication.
 
*Closed system: A system which is not connected to the network and can’t be communicated with.
 
*Closed system: A system which is not connected to the network and can’t be communicated with.
*Computer Network: It is the interconnection of multiple devices, generally termed as Hosts connected using multiple paths for the purpose of sending/receiving data or media.
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*Computer Network: It is the interconnection of multiple devices, generally termed as Hosts connected using multiple paths for the purpose of sending/receiving [[data]] or media.
 
There are also multiple devices or mediums which helps in the communication between two different devices which are known as Network devices. Ex: Router, Switch, Hub, Bridge.
 
There are also multiple devices or mediums which helps in the communication between two different devices which are known as Network devices. Ex: Router, Switch, Hub, Bridge.
  
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source: geeksforgeeks.org
 
source: geeksforgeeks.org
  
*OSI: OSI stands for Open Systems Interconnection. It is a reference model that specifies standards for communications protocols and also the functionalities of each layer.
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*OSI: OSI stands for [[Open Systems]] Interconnection. It is a reference [[model]] that specifies standards for communications protocols and also the functionalities of each layer.
 
*Protocol: A protocol is the set of rules or algorithms which define the way how two entities can communicate across the network and there exists different protocol defined at each layer of the OSI model. Few of such protocols are TCP, IP, UDP, ARP, DHCP, FTP and so on.
 
*Protocol: A protocol is the set of rules or algorithms which define the way how two entities can communicate across the network and there exists different protocol defined at each layer of the OSI model. Few of such protocols are TCP, IP, UDP, ARP, DHCP, FTP and so on.

Latest revision as of 14:45, 6 February 2021

Computer networking is an engineering discipline that aims to study and analyze the communication process among various computing devices or computer systems that are linked, or networked, together to exchange information and share resources. Computer networking depends on the theoretical application and practical implementation of fields like computer engineering, computer sciences, information technology and telecommunication.[1]


Basics of Computer Networking[2]

  • Open system: A system which is connected to the network and is ready for communication.
  • Closed system: A system which is not connected to the network and can’t be communicated with.
  • Computer Network: It is the interconnection of multiple devices, generally termed as Hosts connected using multiple paths for the purpose of sending/receiving data or media.

There are also multiple devices or mediums which helps in the communication between two different devices which are known as Network devices. Ex: Router, Switch, Hub, Bridge.

Computer Networking
source: geeksforgeeks.org

The layout pattern using which devices are interconnected is called as network topology. Such as Bus, Star, Mesh, Ring, Daisy chain.

Network Topology
source: geeksforgeeks.org

  • OSI: OSI stands for Open Systems Interconnection. It is a reference model that specifies standards for communications protocols and also the functionalities of each layer.
  • Protocol: A protocol is the set of rules or algorithms which define the way how two entities can communicate across the network and there exists different protocol defined at each layer of the OSI model. Few of such protocols are TCP, IP, UDP, ARP, DHCP, FTP and so on.
  1. Definition - What does Computer Networking Mean? Techopedia
  2. Basics of Computer Networking Geeks For Geeks