E-procurement, also known as electronic procurement, is the use of technology to automate and streamline the procurement process. It involves the use of electronic systems and tools to manage the procurement of goods and services, from requisition to payment.

E-procurement can involve a range of activities, such as online bidding, online catalogs, electronic purchase orders, electronic invoicing, and electronic payment. It can be used in both the public and private sectors, and can be implemented in organizations of all sizes.

Some of the key benefits of e-procurement include:

  1. Cost savings: E-procurement can help organizations reduce procurement costs by automating manual processes, reducing paperwork, and enabling better negotiation with suppliers.
  2. Increased efficiency: E-procurement can help organizations streamline the procurement process, reducing the time and effort required to purchase goods and services.
  3. Improved transparency: E-procurement can provide greater visibility into the procurement process, enabling better tracking of orders, payments, and supplier performance.
  4. Better compliance: E-procurement can help organizations comply with regulations and policies related to procurement, by ensuring that procurement processes are documented and auditable.

There are a variety of e-procurement systems and tools available, ranging from simple online catalogs to complex integrated systems that include multiple modules for different procurement activities. Some of the popular e-procurement systems include Ariba, Coupa, and SAP Ariba.

E-procurement has become an important part of modern procurement practices, and has enabled organizations to achieve significant cost savings and efficiency gains. As technology continues to evolve, e-procurement is likely to become even more sophisticated and integrated into other business processes.

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