An Enterprise Application refers to a large software platform designed to operate in a corporate environment such as business or government. These applications are complex, scalable, component-based, and mission-critical, designed to meet the needs of an entire organization rather than an individual user. 
Enterprise applications typically consist of a suite of programs that perform business functions such as enterprise resource planning (ERP), customer relationship management (CRM), and supply chain management (SCM). These systems centralize business data and processes, allowing for more streamlined operations, better decision-making, and enhanced productivity.
The role of enterprise applications has expanded with the digital transformation of businesses. They are no longer confined to back-office functions but are crucial in driving customer engagement, creating new revenue streams, and enabling efficient and effective collaboration among teams and departments.
Enterprise applications play a significant role in the history of IT and business processes, with roots in large mainframe systems of the 1960s. The evolution of technology, especially the advent of cloud computing and Software as a Service (SaaS), has revolutionized how these applications are designed, delivered, and consumed.
Benefits of enterprise applications include improved efficiency through process automation, increased data accuracy, real-time insights, and enhanced collaboration. However, implementing these systems can be complex and costly, and may require significant change management efforts to ensure user adoption and to realize the expected benefits.
One of the examples of an enterprise application is an ERP system such as SAP or Oracle, which integrates and manages core business processes such as finance, HR, procurement, and supply chain. Another example is a CRM application like Salesforce, which helps businesses manage and analyze customer interactions and data.
In conclusion, enterprise applications are integral to modern organizations, helping to centralize data, streamline processes, and drive strategic decision-making. As technology evolves, these applications are becoming more intelligent, predictive, and personalized, further enhancing their value to businesses.
- Definition - What Does Enterprise Application Mean? Webopedia