The Four Stages of Learning

What Are The Four Stages of Learning

The Four Stages of Learning, also known as the Four Stages of Competence, is a model that describes the process of acquiring a new skill or behavior. The four stages are:

Unconscious incompetence: At this stage, the learner is unaware of their lack of knowledge or skill in a particular area. They may be unaware that they even need to learn this skill.

Conscious incompetence: The learner becomes aware of their lack of knowledge or skill and begins to recognize the need to learn. They may struggle when trying to perform the skill and may make mistakes.

Conscious competence: The learner has acquired the knowledge and skill and is able to perform the task, but they have to think about what they are doing and may need to concentrate to perform it correctly.

Unconscious competence: The learner has mastered the skill and can perform it automatically, without having to think about it.

This model is often used to describe the process of learning any new skill, whether it is a physical skill, such as playing a musical instrument or a sport, or a cognitive skill, such as problem-solving or decision-making. Understanding the stages of learning can help educators, trainers, and learners to identify where they are in the process and to determine the most appropriate strategies for moving forward.

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