ITIL Facilities Management

What is ITIL Facilities Management?

ITIL Facilities Management refers to the discipline within the IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework that focuses on efficiently and effectively managing physical facilities and environments where IT services are provided. This includes data centers, network operations centers, office spaces, and other physical locations supporting IT operations and services. While ITIL primarily addresses processes and practices for managing IT services to align with business needs, facilities management within this context emphasizes the operational aspects of managing the physical infrastructure that supports IT services.

Purpose and Role of ITIL Facilities Management

The primary purpose of ITIL Facilities Management is to ensure that the physical environment supports the organization's IT infrastructure and services in a way that is:

  • Secure: Protecting the physical infrastructure from unauthorized access, theft, or damage.
  • Reliable: Ensuring that the physical environment contributes to IT services' high availability and reliability.
  • Efficient: Optimizing space, energy, and resources to reduce costs and environmental impact.
  • Compliant: Meeting legal, regulatory, and policy requirements related to the physical environment.

Key Areas of Focus

  • Data Center Management: Overseeing the operation of data centers, including space allocation, cooling, power supply, and security measures.
  • Environmental Controls: Managing environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, and air quality to protect IT equipment and ensure optimal performance.
  • Physical Security: Implementing security measures like access control, surveillance, and intrusion detection to protect IT assets and data.
  • Health and Safety: Ensuring compliance with health and safety regulations, including fire safety, emergency procedures, and ergonomic considerations for staff.
  • Energy Management: Adopting practices to reduce energy consumption and promote sustainability within IT operations.

Implementing ITIL Facilities Management

Implementing effective facilities management within the ITIL framework involves:

  • Assessment and Planning: Conducting a thorough assessment of current facilities management practices and identifying areas for improvement.
  • Integration with ITIL Processes: Aligning facilities management activities with ITIL service management processes, such as service design, service transition, and service operation, to ensure a holistic approach to IT service delivery.
  • Best Practices and Standards: Adopting industry best practices and compliance with standards such as ISO/IEC 20000 for IT service management and ISO/IEC 27001 for information security management.
  • Continuous Improvement: Leveraging the ITIL principle of continual service improvement to regularly review and enhance facilities management practices.

Challenges in ITIL Facilities Management

  • Rapid Technological Change: Keeping pace with the evolving technology landscape and its implications for physical infrastructure.
  • Resource Constraints: Balancing the need for secure, reliable, and efficient facilities with budgetary and resource limitations.
  • Sustainability: Addressing the environmental impact of IT operations and adopting sustainable practices.
  • Coordination and Communication: Ensuring effective coordination between IT service management teams and facilities management personnel.


ITIL Facilities Management plays a crucial role in supporting the delivery of IT services by ensuring that the physical environment is secure, reliable, and efficient. By integrating facilities management with ITIL service management processes, organizations can enhance the overall effectiveness of their IT services. Addressing the challenges of technological change, sustainability, and resource constraints requires a strategic approach to facilities management, continuous improvement, and alignment with industry best practices.

See Also

ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) doesn't specifically use the term "Facilities Management" within its framework. Instead, ITIL focuses on best practices for IT service management (ITSM), aiming to align IT services with the needs of businesses and emphasizing delivering value to customers. However, the management of IT facilities can fall under several ITIL processes and functions, particularly those related to the physical environment where IT services are delivered, such as data centers, network operations centers, and server rooms. These areas can be part of ITIL's focus on overall service delivery and infrastructure management.

  • ITIL Service Operation: Discussing the ITIL lifecycle stage that focuses on the activities and processes required to deliver and manage services at agreed levels to business users and customers. This includes the management of the physical IT infrastructure and environment.
  • ITIL Event Management: Covering the process of managing events throughout their lifecycle, crucial for the operational management of a facility's IT infrastructure, including monitoring of environmental conditions like power, cooling, and physical security.
  • Incident Management: Explaining the process for quickly restoring normal service operation after an interruption, minimizing the adverse impact on business operations. This can include incidents related to facilities, such as power failures or cooling system outages.
  • Change Management: Discussing the process that ensures standardized methods and procedures are used for efficient and prompt handling of all changes to control IT infrastructure, which can involve changes in the physical facilities.
  • Capacity Management: Covering the process that ensures IT infrastructure is provided at the right time, in the right volume, at the right price, focusing on future requirements. This includes considerations of physical space, power, and cooling.
  • ITIL Availability Management: Explaining the process ensures that all IT infrastructure, processes, tools, roles, etc., are appropriate for the agreed availability targets. This includes ensuring that the physical facilities are maintained to prevent downtime.
  • IT Service Continuity Management: Discussing the process of managing risks that could seriously impact IT services. This involves planning for recovery of IT services, including physical facilities, in the event of major failures or disasters.
  • Asset Management: Covering the process of ensuring that the assets required to deliver services are properly controlled, and that accurate and reliable information about those assets is available when and where it is needed. This includes physical assets in IT facilities.
  • Security Management: Explaining the process that ensures the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of an organization's information, assets, and IT services. Physical security of IT facilities is a key consideration.
  • Environmental Monitoring: Discussing the practice of monitoring environmental conditions in IT facilities, such as temperature, humidity, and power supply quality, to prevent equipment failure and ensure efficient operation.